Hangzhou, China

2022 2nd International Conference on Communications, Networking and Machine Learning

Hangzhou Tourism

One of the birthplaces of Chinese civilization and ranking among the seven ancient capitals in China, Hangzhou stands out as the "Famous Town of Southeast China". The excavation of the Kuahu Bridge site located in the city's Xiaoshan district indicates that as early as 8,000 years ago the place already saw thriving human activities. The 5,000 year-old Liangzhu culture is hailed by historians as "the dawn of civilization". First set up as a county in the Qin Dynasty (221-206 BC), Liangzhu has a past of over 2,200 years. In the 9th year of Emperor Yang Jian, founder of the Sui Dynasty (581-618), the old Qiantang County (today's Hangzhou) was abolished and replaced by Hangzhou (Hang prefecture), marking the first appearance of its current name. Hangzhou was a marvel to 13th century Italian traveler Marco Polo who called it "the most graceful and splendid city of the world".

West Lake (Xihu), one of the most famed tourist attraction in Hangzhou, Zhejiang province, is well known both for its picturesque landscape and for cultural heritage surviving yet illustrating the past dynasties. Depending on the season, some of the highlights one must visit are: spring dawn at the Su Causeway, breeze-ruffled lotuses at Quyuan Garden, lingering snow on Broken Bridge which can be enjoyed all year round, Leifeng Pagoda at dusk and Three Pools Mirror the Moon, which, as the name suggests, should be visited at sunset or on moonlit nights. Some places can be visited at any times regardless of seasonal or weather whims, including Orioles Singing in the Willows, Twin Peaks Piercing the Clouds, and Evening Bell Ringing on Nanping Hill.

Santan Yinyue Islet, or Three Pools Mirroring the Moon Islet, is the biggest island in West Lake. Honored as the “First Scenic Spot of West Lake”, the islet boasts quiet and beautiful sceneries. There are temples, pavilions, halls, a curved bridge and other architectures on the islet. Their carved beams and painted rafters are barely visible among the trees and flowers. In the southern water, three pagodas rise just two meters above the surface of the water. Each pagoda has five round holes, and when lit from within, it appears like there are a dozen moons mirrored in the lake. As each pagoda lights up a limited area around it, the vastness of the unlit water is simply divided into three pools. This view of beauty and tranquility has a poetic name: Three Pools Mirroring the Moon. The pagodas were built by Su Shi, a poet and governor of the Song Dynasty (960-1279), who was also responsible for the Su Causeway on the lake. They were rebuilt during the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), and the nearby islet was constructed from silt and mud in 1607, with improvements and architectural additions put on later. As part of the Top 10 scenes of West Lake, the pagodas was printed on the back of 1-yuan note and became a State-level relic in 2013.

Lingyin Temple, situated to the west of Hangzhou's famous West Lake, stands at the foot of the Beigao Peak and faces the Feilai Peak across a stream. Built by the Indian monk Huili in AD 326 during the Eastern Jin Dynasty (AD 317-420), the temple was named Lingyin Temple for its beautiful and serene environment, suitable for the "retreating of souls". In its prime, this temple used to be a large monastery with over 1,300 rooms housing 3,000 monks. The temple has experienced approximately 1,700 years of cyclical prosperity and decline, due to wars and natural calamities, until its last restoration in the Qing Dynasty (1644 - 1911). With its many old trees, bamboo groves, and quiet and beautiful surroundings, the temple is believed to be the oldest Buddhist temple in Hangzhou, and now receives more than three million people a year. The main hall in Lingyin Temple is about 34-meter tall - incredibly high for a one-story building. It is home to China's largest sitting Buddha statue, 19.6-meter high and carved out of 24 pieces of camphor wood, gilded with gold. The two stone pagodas in front of the hall were built in AD 960 during the Song Dynasty (AD 960-1271). The temple is now designated as an important heritage site under state protection.

Located in Chun’an county on the western outskirts of Hangzhou, the lake is approximately 129 kilometers from the city. Qiandao Lake, literally meaning “thousand-island lake,” derives its name from the 1,078 islands within its waters. Being a reservoir that was formed after the construction of the Xin’an River Hydroelectric Power Station, it contains more islands than any other lake in the world. It is now considered a tourism area and a popular spot for holiday homes. Two ancient towns dating back a thousand years were submerged beneath the lake: Hecheng and Shicheng.